Read here about causality, with a focus on how mechanical causality varies between scales, within scales, and particularly within scales that behave in ways very differently from our own human scale.

The Why Method

The “why method” shows the rapid expansion of the chain of causality through orders of magnitude. Three year olds ask why, why, why, rapidly unfolding until the broadest issues from without are revealed, usually traversing many orders of magnitude.


The study of cause may also be called etiology.

Etiology (alternatively aetiology, aitiology; pronounced /iːtɪˈɒlədʒi/) is the study of causation, or origination. The word is derived from the Greek αἰτιολογία, aitiologia, "giving a reason for" (αἰτία, aitia, "cause"; and -λογία, -logia). The word is most commonly used in medical and philosophical theories, where it is used to refer to the study of why things occur, or even the reasons behind the way that things act, and is used in philosophy, physics, psychology, government, medicine, theology and biology in reference to the causes of various phenomena. An etiological myth is a myth intended to explain a name or create a mythic history for a place or family.


Read more about philosophy and scale: